The Story of Nooh (Noah)
from Mukhtasar sirat alrasool
by ash-Shaikh Muhammed ibn Abdul Wahaab
When the children of Adam worshipped the idols, Allah sent the prophet Noah to advise them to go back to the religion of Adam and his offspring who lived before the start of idol worshipping. Allah mentioned the story of the idol worshippers with the prophet Noah in the Quran (see sruah 71). Then Noah and the people of the arc lived on earth for a period of time, and Allah blessed them. They scattered all over the earth as different nations, and they remained upon Islam (Submission and monotheism) for a period of time. We don’t know how long it was.
Then Shirk (associating partners with Allah) happened again. Then Allah sent his prophets. Allah sent a prophet to every nation to order them to worship Allah alone (Tawheed) and to forbade them from associating partners with him (Shirk). Allah says: “And verily, We have sent among every Ummah (community, nation) a Messenger (proclaiming): “Worship Allâh (Alone), and avoid (or keep away from) Tâghût (all false deities, etc. i.e. do not worship Tâghût besides Allâh).” (16:36) Allah also says: “Then We sent Our Messengers in succession, every time there came to a nation their Messenger, they denied him.” (23:44) When Allah mentions the stories in surah Ash-Shu’ara, he concludes each story by saying: “Verily, in this is indeed a sign, yet most of them are not believers.” Allah narrates these stories for our sakes. Allah says: “Indeed in their stories, there is a lesson for men of understanding. It (the Qur’an) is not a forged statement” (12:111).
When Allah warned from certain actions done in this Ummah (Islamic Nation) at the time of the prophet Muhammad, he said: “Has not the story reached them of those before them? – The people of Nûh (Noah), ‘Ad, and Thamûd, the people of Ibrahîm (Abraham), the dwellers of Madyan (Midian) and the cities overthrown [i.e. the people to whom Lout (Lot) preached” (9:70). The prophet used to narrate the stories of those who were before to his companions to take the lessons from those stories. The people of knowledge also narrate the Seerah (the biography) of the prophet: what happened to him with his people, what he said to them and what was said to him. The people of knowledge used to narrate also the Seerah (biography) of the companions: what happened to them with the disbelievers and the hypocrites. They did that for us to take the lessons from those biographies and to know the good from the bad.
If you understand the above, then you have to know that we do not know about many prophets and their nations because Allah did not tell us about them. However, Allah told us about ‘Aad. Allah sent to them the prophet Hood peace be upon him, and Allah mentioned their stories (See surah Hud, surah 11), then Tawheed (monotheism) remained in the people of Hud until it vanished after an unknown period of time. Then Tawheed remained in the people of the prophet Saleh until it was vanished after an unknown period of time.